The governing body, theWelsh Rugby Union(WRU), was established in 1881, the same year that Wales played their first international against England. Wales' performances in the Home Nations Championship (now the Six Nations) continued to improve, experiencing their first 'golden age' between 1900 and 1911. They first playedNew Zealand, known as the All Blacks, in 1905, when they defeated them 3–0 in a famous match atCardiff Arms Park. Welsh rugby struggled between the two World Wars, but experienced a second 'golden age' between 1969 and 1980 when they won eight Five Nations Championships.
Wales played in the inaugural Rugby World Cup in1987where they achieved their best ever result of third. Following the sport allowing professionalism in 1995, Wales hosted the1999 World Cupand, in 2005, won their first Six Nations Grand Slam. That was the first Grand Slam won by a team playing most of the matches away from home. Wales won two more Grand Slams in 2008 and in 2012, and in 2011 came fourth in the Rugby World Cup.
Their home ground is theMillennium Stadium, currently known for sponsorship reasons as the Principality Stadium, completed in 1999 to replace the National Stadium at Cardiff Arms Park. Eight former Welsh players have been inducted into theWorld Rugby Hall of Fame; ten were inducted into theInternational Rugby Hall of Fameprior to its 2014 merger into the World Rugby Hall.
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